a light, usually open building used for shelter, concerts, exhibits, etc., as in a park or fair.
any of a number of separate or attached buildings forming a hospital or the like.
Architecture. a projecting element of a façade, used especially at the center or at each end and usually treated so as to suggest a tower.
a tent, especially a large and elaborate one.
a small, ornamental building in a garden.
Also called base. Jewelry. the part of a cut gem below the girdle.
verb (used with object)
to shelter in or as if in a pavilion.
to furnish with pavilions.

1250–1300; Middle English pavilon < Old French paveillon < Latin pāpiliōn- (stem of pāpiliō) butterfly

unpavilioned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pavilion (pəˈvɪljən)
1.  (Brit) a building at a sports ground, esp a cricket pitch, in which players change
2.  a summerhouse or other decorative shelter
3.  a building or temporary structure, esp one that is open and ornamental, for housing exhibitions
4.  a large ornate tent, esp one with a peaked top, as used by medieval armies
5.  one of a set of buildings that together form a hospital or other large institution
6.  one of four main facets on a brilliant-cut stone between the girdle and the culet
7.  to place or set in or as if in a pavilion: pavilioned in splendour
8.  to provide with a pavilion or pavilions
[C13: from Old French pavillon canopied structure, from Latin pāpiliō butterfly, tent]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "large, stately tent," from O.Fr. paveillun (12c.), from L. papilionem (nom. papilio) "tent," lit. "butterfly," on resemblance of wings. Of unknown origin. Meaning "open building in a park, etc., used for shelter or entertainment" is attested from 1687.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Pavilion definition

a tent or tabernacle (2 Sam. 22:12; 1 Kings 20:12-16), or enclosure (Ps. 18:11; 27:5). In Jer. 43:10 it probably denotes the canopy suspended over the judgement-seat of the king.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica


light temporary or semipermanent structure used in gardens and pleasure grounds. Although there are many variations, the basic type is a large, light, airy garden room with a high-peaked roof resembling a canopy. It was originally erected, like the modern canvas marquee, for special occasions such as fetes, garden banquets, and balls, but it became more permanent, and by the late 17th century the word was used for any garden building designed for use on special occasions.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
We then all congregate in the pavilion and drink a beer or two while dissecting
  key moments from the day's action.
The existing pavilion will remain open during construction and is to be
  demolished when the new site is completed.
See how a couple turned bare ground into an airy pavilion for feasting more.
We are standing behind his little house in a rough, open pavilion strung with
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