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pease

[peez] /piz/
noun, plural pease or peasen [pee-zuh n] /ˈpi zən/ (Show IPA). Archaic.
1.
a pea.
2.
British Dialect. a plural of pea1 .
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English pese, Old English peose, pise < Late Latin pisa feminine singular use of plural of Latin pisum (neuter) < Greek píson pea, pulse
Related forms
peaselike, adjective

pea1

[pee] /pi/
noun, plural peas (Archaic or British Dialect) pease or peasen [pee-zuh n] /ˈpi zən/ (Show IPA)
1.
the round, edible seed of a widely cultivated plant, Pisum sativum, of the legume family.
2.
the plant itself.
3.
the green, somewhat inflated pod of this plant.
4.
any of various related or similar plants or their seed, as the chickpea.
5.
something resembling a pea, especially in being small and round.
adjective
6.
pertaining to, growing, containing, or cooked with peas:
We cultivated some tomato vines and a pea patch.
7.
small or small and round (usually used in combination).
8.
Also called English pea, garden pea, green pea (for defs 1, 2).
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English; back formation from pease, taken as plural
Related forms
pealike, adjective

pea2

[pee] /pi/
noun, Nautical
1.
bill3 (def 4).
Origin
1825-35; perhaps short for peak1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pease
  • Cherry trees bearing fruit no bigger than a small pease.
British Dictionary definitions for pease

pease

/piːz/
noun (pl) pease
1.
an archaic or dialect word for pea
Word Origin
Old English peose, via Late Latin from Latin pisa peas, pl of pisum, from Greek pison

pea

/piː/
noun
1.
an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2.
  1. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
  2. (as modifier): pea soup
3.
any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
Derived Forms
pealike, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from pease (incorrectly assumed to be a plural)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pease

Old English; see pea, of which this is the etymologically correct form.

pea

n.

early or mid-17c., false singular from Middle English pease (plural pesen), which was both single and collective (e.g. wheat, corn) but the "s" sound was mistaken for the plural inflection. From Old English pise (West Saxon), piose (Mercian) "pea," from Late Latin pisa, variant of Latin pisum "pea," from Greek pison "the pea," perhaps of Thracian or Phrygian origin [Klein].

In Southern U.S. and the Caribbean, used of other legumes as well. Pea soup is first recorded 1711 (pease-soup); applied to London fogs since at least 1849. Pea-shooter attested from 1803.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for pease

pea

Related Terms

sweet pea


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with pease
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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7
8
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