peat

1 [peet]
noun
1.
a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel.
2.
such vegetable matter used as fertilizer or fuel.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English pete (compare Anglo-Latin peta) < ?

Dictionary.com Unabridged

peat

2 [peet]
noun Obsolete.
a merry young girl; darling (used as a term of endearment).

Origin:
1560–70; origin uncertain

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
peat1 (piːt)
 
n
1.  a.  a compact brownish deposit of partially decomposed vegetable matter saturated with water: found in uplands and bogs in temperate and cold regions and used as a fuel (when dried) and as a fertilizer
 b.  (as modifier): peat bog
2.  a piece of dried peat for use as fuel
 
[C14: from Anglo-Latin peta, perhaps from Celtic; compare Welsh peth thing]
 
'peaty1
 
adj

peat2 (piːt)
 
n
1.  archaic, derogatory a person, esp a woman
2.  obsolete a term of endearment for a girl or woman
 
[C16: of uncertain origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

peat
c.1200, in Scottish-L., probably from O.Celt. root *pett- (cf. Cornish peyth, Welsh peth "quantity, part, thing," O.Ir. pet, Breton pez "piece"). The earliest sense is not of the turf but of the cut piece of it.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
peat   (pēt)  Pronunciation Key 
Partially decayed vegetable matter, especially peat moss, found in bogs. The low levels of oxygen and the acidic environment in bogs prevent the degradation of peat. Peat is burned as fuel and also used as fertilizer. See more at bog.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It brought about the use of peat and coal as alternate sources of energy.
Scientists have found that these mangroves are built on top of ten or twelve
  meters of solid peat.
Note that plants in peat pots receive a slightly different treatment.
They cut their peat from the high ridge and harvested fish from the sea.
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