strange; queer; odd: peculiar happenings.
uncommon; unusual: the peculiar hobby of stuffing and mounting bats.
distinctive in nature or character from others.
belonging characteristically (usually followed by to ): an expression peculiar to Canadians.
belonging exclusively to some person, group, or thing: the peculiar properties of a drug.
Astronomy. designating a star or galaxy with special properties that deviates from others of its spectral type or galaxy class.
a property or privilege belonging exclusively or characteristically to a person.
British. a particular parish or church that is exempted from the jurisdiction of the ordinary or bishop in whose diocese it lies and is governed by another.
peculiars, Also called arbitraries. British Printing. special characters not generally included in standard type fonts, as phonetic symbols, mathematical symbols, etc.

1400–50; late Middle English; < Latin pecūliāris as one's own, equivalent to pecūli(um) property (derivative of pecū flock, farm animals; akin to pecus cattle (see fee)) + -āris -ar1

peculiarly, adverb
unpeculiar, adjective
unpeculiarly, adverb

1. eccentric, bizarre. See strange. 2. extraordinary, singular, exceptional. 5. individual, personal, particular, special, unique.

2, 5. common. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
peculiar (pɪˈkjuːlɪə)
adj (foll by to)
1.  strange or unusual; odd: a peculiar individual; a peculiar idea
2.  distinct from others; special
3.  belonging characteristically or exclusively (to): peculiar to North America
4.  printing Also called: arbitrary a special sort, esp an accented letter
5.  Church of England a church or parish that is exempt from the jurisdiction of the ordinary in whose diocese it lies
[C15: from Latin pecūliāris concerning private property, from pecūlium, literally: property in cattle, from pecus cattle]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1460, from L. peculiaris "of one's own (property)," from peculium "private property," lit. "property in cattle" (in ancient times the most important form of property), from pecu "cattle, flock," related to pecus "cattle" (see pecuniary). Meaning of "unusual" is first
attested 1608; peculiarity "special characteristic" is from 1646; noun meaning "an oddity" is 1777.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Peculiar definition

as used in the phrase "peculiar people" in 1 Pet. 2:9, is derived from the Lat. peculium, and denotes, as rendered in the Revised Version ("a people for God's own possession"), a special possession or property. The church is the "property" of God, his "purchased possession" (Eph. 1:14; R.V., "God's own possession").

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The snakes, though, don't seem to be complaining about their peculiar glands.
In the tropical forests of Madagascar, there lives a very peculiar kind of bat.
For this task, he was peculiarly well equipped.
Winter stoneflies are peculiar little creatures.
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