an ancestral line; line of descent; lineage; ancestry.
a genealogical table, chart, list, or record, especially of a purebred animal.
distinguished, excellent, or pure ancestry.
derivation, origin, or history: the pedigree of a word.

1375–1425; late Middle English pedegru < Anglo-French, equivalent to Middle French pie de grue literally, foot of crane, a fanciful way of describing the appearance of the lines of a genealogical chart

pedigreeless, adjective

2. Pedigree, genealogy refer to an account of ancestry. A pedigree is a table or chart recording a line of ancestors, either of persons or (more especially) of animals, as horses, cattle, and dogs; in the case of animals, such a table is used as proof of superior qualities: a detailed pedigree. A genealogy is an account of the descent of a person or family traced through a series of generations, usually from the first known ancestor: a genealogy that includes a king. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pedigree (ˈpɛdɪˌɡriː)
1.  a.  the line of descent of a purebred animal
 b.  (as modifier): a pedigree bull
2.  a document recording this
3.  a genealogical table, esp one indicating pure ancestry
4.  derivation or background: the pedigree of an idea
[C15: from Old French pie de grue crane's foot, alluding to the spreading lines used in a genealogical chart]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1410, "genealogical table or chart," from Anglo-Fr. pe de gru, a variant of O.Fr. pied de gru "foot of a crane," from L. pedem "foot" + gruem (nom. grus) "crane," cognate with Gk. geranos, O.E. cran, see crane). On old manuscripts, "descent" was indicated by a forked sign
resembling the branching lines of a genealogical chart; the sign also happened to look like a bird's footprint. Form infl. in M.E. by association with degree. Meaning "ancestral line" is c.1440; of animals, 1608.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

pedigree ped·i·gree (pěd'ĭ-grē')
An ancestral line of descent, especially as diagrammed on a chart, to show ancestral history and to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits including familial diseases.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
If you ante up four figures, you can own a mechanical watch made by a company
  with a recognizable pedigree.
The portrait that emerges is of a culture that's insanely obsessed with
They even have a ban on importing any horses to keep the pedigree line pure.
But it does lend some perspective to the genetic pedigree of the species and
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