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pedigree

[ped-i-gree] /ˈpɛd ɪˌgri/
noun
1.
an ancestral line; line of descent; lineage; ancestry.
2.
a genealogical table, chart, list, or record, especially of a purebred animal.
3.
distinguished, excellent, or pure ancestry.
4.
derivation, origin, or history:
the pedigree of a word.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English pedegru < Anglo-French, equivalent to Middle French pie de grue literally, foot of crane, a fanciful way of describing the appearance of the lines of a genealogical chart
Related forms
pedigreeless, adjective
Synonyms
2. Pedigree, genealogy refer to an account of ancestry. A pedigree is a table or chart recording a line of ancestors, either of persons or (more especially) of animals, as horses, cattle, and dogs; in the case of animals, such a table is used as proof of superior qualities: a detailed pedigree. A genealogy is an account of the descent of a person or family traced through a series of generations, usually from the first known ancestor: a genealogy that includes a king.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pedigree
  • If you ante up four figures, you can own a mechanical watch made by a company with a recognizable pedigree.
  • The portrait that emerges is of a culture that's insanely obsessed with pedigree.
  • They even have a ban on importing any horses to keep the pedigree line pure.
  • But it does lend some perspective to the genetic pedigree of the species and individual.
  • But given the pedigree of these boxes, they would all be screened.
  • So let's not pretend that educational pedigree is a completely unbiased barometer of anyone's ability to perform a job.
  • And attempts by poor countries to alter the course of urbanisation have a long pedigree in the rich world.
  • The apartment has good bones and an impeccable pedigree.
  • Our unique expressiveness may have a three-million-year-old pedigree.
  • Such financial crises may appear to come from nowhere, but they have a long pedigree.
British Dictionary definitions for pedigree

pedigree

/ˈpɛdɪˌɡriː/
noun
1.
  1. the line of descent of a purebred animal
  2. (as modifier): a pedigree bull
2.
a document recording this
3.
a genealogical table, esp one indicating pure ancestry
4.
derivation or background: the pedigree of an idea
Derived Forms
pedigreed, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Old French pie de grue crane's foot, alluding to the spreading lines used in a genealogical chart
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pedigree
n.

early 15c., "genealogical table or chart," from Anglo-French pe de gru, a variant of Old French pied de gru "foot of a crane," from Latin pedem accusative of pes "foot" (see foot (n.)) + gruem (nominative grus) "crane," cognate with Greek geranos, Old English cran; see crane (n.)).

On old manuscripts, "descent" was indicated by a forked sign resembling the branching lines of a genealogical chart; the sign also happened to look like a bird's footprint. Form influenced in Middle English by association with degree. Meaning "ancestral line" is mid-15c.; of animals, c.1600. Related: Pedigreed.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pedigree in Medicine

pedigree ped·i·gree (pěd'ĭ-grē')
n.
An ancestral line of descent, especially as diagrammed on a chart, to show ancestral history and to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits including familial diseases.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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