city, Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S., on the east bank of the Hudson River, 41 miles (66 km) north of New York City. Its name derives from Jan Peek, a Dutchman who established a trading post in 1654 at the point where a kil (Dutch for "channel," or "creek") joins the Hudson. An early river port and agricultural-trade centre, it was attacked and burned by the British during the American Revolution. Manufactures now include chemicals (colours and pigments) and women's apparel. The city is also a tourist base for nearby Palisades recreational areas. Inc. village, 1839; city, 1940. Pop. (1990) 19,536; (2000) 22,441.
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