peloponnesian

Peloponnesus

[pel-uh-puh-nee-suhs]
noun
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
Also, Peloponnese [pel-uh-puh-neez, -nees] , Peloponnesos [pel-uh-puh-nee-sos, -sohs, -suhs] .
Also called Morea.


Origin:
< Latin < Greek Pelopónnēsos (representing phrase Pélopos nêsos literally, island of Pelops with sn > nn)

Peloponnesian [pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, -shuhn] , adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
Peloponnesian (ˌpɛləpəˈniːʃən)
 
adj
of or relating to the Peloponnese or its inhabitants

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Peloponnesus
peninsula of southern Greece, c.1490, from L., from Gk. Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos "island," first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos "dark"
+ ops "face, eye." But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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