Peloponnesus

[pel-uh-puh-nee-suhs]
noun
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
Also, Peloponnese [pel-uh-puh-neez, -nees] , Peloponnesos [pel-uh-puh-nee-sos, -sohs, -suhs] .
Also called Morea.


Origin:
< Latin < Greek Pelopónnēsos (representing phrase Pélopos nêsos literally, island of Pelops with sn > nn)

Peloponnesian [pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, -shuhn] , adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Peloponnesus
peninsula of southern Greece, c.1490, from L., from Gk. Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos "island," first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos "dark"
+ ops "face, eye." But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for peloponnesus
It was peloponnesus that afforded a new home to the exiled poet.
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