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penalize

[peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/
verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing.
1.
to subject to a penalty, as a person.
2.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
3.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
Origin of penalize
1865-1870
1865-70; penal + -ize
Related forms
penalizable, adjective
penalization, noun
nonpenalized, adjective
overpenalization, noun
overpenalize, verb (used with object), overpenalized, overpenalizing.
repenalize, verb (used with object), repenalized, repenalizing.
unpenalized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for penalize

penalize

/ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
2.
to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
3.
(sport) to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
4.
to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
Derived Forms
penalization, penalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penalize
v.

1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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