[peen-l-ahyz, pen-]
verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing.
to subject to a penalty, as a person.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
Also, especially British, penalise.

1865–70; penal + -ize

penalizable, adjective
penalization, noun
nonpenalized, adjective
overpenalization, noun
overpenalize, verb (used with object), overpenalized, overpenalizing.
repenalize, verb (used with object), repenalized, repenalizing.
unpenalized, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To penalize
World English Dictionary
penalize or penalise (ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz)
1.  to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
2.  to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
3.  sport to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
4.  to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
penalise or penalise
penali'zation or penalise
penali'sation or penalise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Example sentences
Don't penalize those of us who do the responsible thing and keep their dogs
  under control.
The betting mechanic is a fun twist that doesn't penalize you if you don't know
  the correct answer.
Generate no public-sector jobs, then penalize people for falling into debt.
If manufacturers did not take action, regulations could penalize them for
  models that display unacceptable rates of failure.
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