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[peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/
verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing.
to subject to a penalty, as a person.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
Also, especially British, penalise.
1865-70; penal + -ize
Related forms
penalizable, adjective
penalization, noun
nonpenalized, adjective
overpenalization, noun
overpenalize, verb (used with object), overpenalized, overpenalizing.
repenalize, verb (used with object), repenalized, repenalizing.
unpenalized, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for penalized
  • Farmers are not penalized if the market price ultimately rises higher than the guaranteed minimum price.
  • Pioneers should not be penalized for being thorough, cautious and for putting redundancy into any design.
  • It has even gotten to the point where, if the utility is not able to meet consumers' demand, the utility can be penalized.
  • The names have not been publicly released and none of the players were penalized.
  • Over the years, there have also been times when he has been penalized for his celebrity status.
  • Of course, if physicians are rewarded or penalized for their service and results, the culture will change.
  • The programs are rewarded or penalized depending on how well they work.
  • The ecosystem samples would have to be sufficiently large that species weren't penalized for co-evolutionary development.
  • Essentially, he is penalized for having hired them in the first place.
  • All software suppliers get on board to agree to the common data format by a fixed date or get penalized.
British Dictionary definitions for penalized


verb (transitive)
to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
(sport) to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
Derived Forms
penalization, penalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penalized



1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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