His perestroika changed global politics, ended the Cold War, and won him a Nobel Peace Prize.
I left my hometown, Nizhny Novgorod, as a teenager in the midst of perestroika.
Of course, in Russia at that time you had just the beginning of Gorbachev, and glasnost and perestroika.
perestroika and glasnost may have come and gone, but the hair has remained the same.
It was only under Gorbachev and his perestroika, as the Berlin Wall began to crumble, that the official line crumbled as well.
He built his empire in the perestroika days, when Russia was a new and often violent capitalism frontier.
1981, from Russian perestroika, literally "rebuilding, reconstruction, reform" (of Soviet society, etc.), from pere- "re-" (from Old Russian pere- "around, again," from Proto-Slavic *per-, from PIE *per- (1) "forward, through;" see per) + stroika "building, construction," from Old Russian stroji "order," from PIE *stroi-, from root *stere- "to spread" (see structure (n.)). First proposed at the 26th Party Congress (1981); popularized in English 1985 during Mikhail Gorbachev's leadership of the U.S.S.R.