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pergola

[pur-guh-luh] /ˈpɜr gə lə/
noun
1.
an arbor formed of horizontal trelliswork supported on columns or posts, over which vines or other plants are trained.
2.
a colonnade having the form of such an arbor.
Origin
1645-1655
1645-55; < Italian < Latin pergula projecting roof, arbor
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pergola
  • Guests can relax on the pergola-covered deck or take a dip in the outdoor pool.
  • There was a rose-covered pergola and a terrace overlooking the valley, which was surrounded by a ragged string of mountains.
  • The deck is topped with a pergola, and includes ample space for relaxation and al fresco dining.
British Dictionary definitions for pergola

pergola

/ˈpɜːɡələ/
noun
1.
a horizontal trellis or framework, supported on posts, that carries climbing plants and may form a covered walk
Word Origin
C17: via Italian from Latin pergula projection from a roof, from pergere to go forward
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pergola
n.

latticework structure for climbing plants, 1670s, from Italian pergola, from Latin pergula "school, lecture room; projecting roof, vine arbor," of uncertain origin; perhaps from pergere "to come forward."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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