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perish

[per-ish] /ˈpɛr ɪʃ/
verb (used without object)
1.
to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.:
to perish in an earthquake.
2.
to pass away or disappear:
an age of elegance that has forever perished.
3.
to suffer destruction or ruin:
His valuable paintings perished in the fire.
4.
to suffer spiritual death:
Save us, lest we perish.
Idioms
5.
perish the thought, may it never happen: used facetiously or as an afterthought of foreboding.
Origin of perish
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English perissen < Old French periss-, long stem of perir < Latin perīre to perish, literally, go through, spend fully, equivalent to per- per- + īre to go
Related forms
perishless, adjective
perishment, noun
unperished, adjective
Synonyms
1. expire. See die1 . 2. wither, shrivel, rot, molder, vanish.
Antonyms
2. appear.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for perished
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • We found that sixty or sixty-five had perished during the night.

    Perils and Captivity Charlotte-Adlade [ne Picard] Dard
  • He was therefore condemned, and perished on the scaffold for the crime.

  • It is believed that they perished to the last man, overwhelmed by successive German counter-attacks.

    Q.6.a and Other places Francis Buckley
  • No fewer than 12,000 persons had perished in the sandjak of Philippopolis!

    The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook
  • If you sit beside the beggar who perished at your gates, what will you say to him if he should refer to matters such as these?

    Drolls From Shadowland J. H. Pearce
British Dictionary definitions for perished

perished

/ˈpɛrɪʃt/
adjective
1.
(informal) (of a person, part of the body, etc) extremely cold

perish

/ˈpɛrɪʃ/
verb (intransitive)
1.
to be destroyed or die, esp in an untimely way
2.
(transitive sometimes followed by with or from) to cause to suffer: we were perished with cold
3.
to rot: leather perishes if exposed to bad weather
4.
perish the thought!, may it never be or happen thus
noun
5.
(Austral, informal) do a perish, to die or come near to dying of thirst or starvation
Word Origin
C13: from Old French périr, from Latin perīre to pass away entirely, from per- (away) + īre to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for perished

perish

v.

mid-13c., from periss- present participle stem of Old French perir "perish, be lost, be shipwrecked" (12c.), from Latin perire "to be lost, perish," literally "to go through," from per- "through, completely, to destruction" (see per) + ire "to go" (see ion). Related: Perished; perishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with perished

perish

In addition to the idiom beginning with perish also see: publish or perish
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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14
14
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