Pernik

Pernik

[Bulgarian per-nik]
noun
former name of Dimitrovo.
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Pernik (Bulgarian ˈpɛrnik)
 
n
Former name (1949--62): Dimitrovo an industrial town in W Bulgaria, on the Struma River. Pop: 84 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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pernik

town, west-central Bulgaria. The town is located on the banks of the Struma River, 19 miles (31 km) southwest of Sofia. Originally a Bulgarian fortress well-known for repelling the assaults of the Byzantine armies during the early 11th century, Pernik was for five centuries (1396-1878) under Turkish rule. From 1891 Pernik began to experience considerable industrial growth because of the mining of rich veins of coal in the area, and it is now a leading industrial town in Bulgaria. The town's cultural centre is one of the finest in the country. Pernik also has a mining school, a large sports complex with a stadium, a national theatre, a symphony orchestra, a museum, and an attractive park. Pop. (2004 est.) 81,674.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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