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persona

[per-soh-nuh] /pərˈsoʊ nə/
noun, plural personae
[per-soh-nee] /pərˈsoʊ ni/ (Show IPA),
personas.
1.
a person.
2.
personae, the characters in a play, novel, etc.
3.
the narrator of or a character in a literary work, sometimes identified with the author.
4.
(in the psychology of C. G. Jung) the mask or façade presented to satisfy the demands of the situation or the environment and not representing the inner personality of the individual; the public personality (contrasted with anima).
5.
a person's perceived or evident personality, as that of a well-known official, actor, or celebrity; personal image; public role.
Origin
1905-1910
1905-10; < Latin persōna mask, character. See person

persona grata

[per-soh-nah grah-tah; English per-soh-nuh grah-tuh, grey-tuh, grat-uh] /pɛrˈsoʊ nɑ ˈgrɑ tɑ; English pərˈsoʊ nə ˈgrɑ tə, ˈgreɪ tə, ˈgræt ə/
plural personae gratae
[per-soh-nahy grah-tahy; English per-soh-nee grah-tee, grey-, grat-ee] /pɛrˈsoʊ naɪ ˈgrɑ taɪ; English pərˈsoʊ ni ˈgrɑ ti, ˈgreɪ-, ˈgræt i/ (Show IPA).
Latin.
1.
an acceptable person, especially a diplomatic representative acceptable to the government to which he or she is accredited.

persona non grata

[per-soh-nah nohn grah-tah; English per-soh-nuh non grah-tuh, grey-, grat-uh] /pɛrˈsoʊ nɑ noʊn ˈgrɑ tɑ; English pərˈsoʊ nə nɒn ˈgrɑ tə, ˈgreɪ-, ˈgræt ə/
plural personae non gratae
[per-soh-nahy nohn grah-tahy; English per-soh-nee non grah-tee, grey-, grat-ee] /pɛrˈsoʊ naɪ noʊn ˈgrɑ taɪ; English pərˈsoʊ ni nɒn ˈgrɑ ti, ˈgreɪ-, ˈgræt i/ (Show IPA).
Latin.
1.
a person who is not welcome: He has become persona non grata
in our club since his angry outburst.
2.
a diplomatic representative unacceptable to an accrediting government.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for persona
  • He just has this amazingly cool vibe and persona.
  • How “cheeky” you get really may depend on your own persona, the energy of the interview, and how well you can read the room.
  • We could have been caught, labeled persona non grata, and asked to leave the country.
  • Yet he's not above milking the tough-guy persona.
  • Academe within recent years has been a place where weapons are considered anathema to the purpose and persona of academic culture.
  • His comic book persona—irascible, no-bullshit, down-to-earth working class artist/critic/heartland intellectual—was very real.
  • Yet, he also uses Twitter to remind everyone of the persona he has adopted.
  • The law does not apply to ordinary folk, just to celebrities with a strong public persona.
  • Now I needed to turn off my authoritative persona and become the one who receives rather than gives information.
  • And I had to work with her body, attitude and persona.
British Dictionary definitions for persona

persona

/pɜːˈsəʊnə/
noun (pl) -nae (-niː)
1.
(often pl) a character in a play, novel, etc
2.
an assumed identity or character
3.
(in Jungian psychology) the mechanism that conceals a person's true thoughts and feelings, esp in his adaptation to the outside world
Word Origin
Latin: mask

persona grata

/pɜːˈsəʊnə ˈɡrɑːtə/
noun (pl) personae gratae (pɜːˈsəʊniː ˈɡrɑːtiː)
1.
an acceptable person, esp a diplomat acceptable to the government of the country to which he or she is sent

persona non grata

/pɜːˈsəʊnə nɒn ˈɡrɑːtə/
noun (pl) personae non gratae (pɜːˈsəʊniː nɒn ˈɡrɑːtiː)
1.
an unacceptable or unwelcome person
2.
a diplomatic or consular officer who is not acceptable to the government or sovereign to whom he or she is accredited
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for persona
n.

1917, "outward or social personality," a Jungian psychology term, from Latin persona "person" (see person). Used earlier (1909) by Ezra Pound in the sense "literary character representing voice of the author." Persona grata is Late Latin, literally "an acceptable person," originally applied to diplomatic representatives acceptable to the governments to which they were sent; hence also persona non grata (plural personæ non gratæ).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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persona in Medicine

persona per·so·na (pər-sō'nə)
n. pl. per·so·nas or per·so·nae (-nē)
The role that one assumes or displays in public or society; one's public image or personality, as distinguished from the inner self.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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persona in Culture
persona non grata [(puhr-soh-nuh non grah-tuh, grat-tuh)]

A person who is no longer favored or welcome: “After my angry words with the manager, I am persona non grata at the video store.” From Latin, meaning “an unacceptable person.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for persona

in literature, the person who is understood to be speaking (or thinking or writing) a particular work. The persona is almost invariably distinct from the author; it is the voice chosen by the author for a particular artistic purpose. The persona may be a character in the work or merely an unnamed narrator; but, insofar as the manner and style of expression in the work exhibit taste, prejudice, emotion, or other characteristics of a human personality, the work may be said to be in the voice of a persona

Learn more about persona with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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