personality test

noun Psychology.
an instrument, as a questionnaire or series of standardized tasks, used to measure personality characteristics or to discover personality disorders.

Origin:
1910–15

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

personality test n.
A test, usually involving a standardized series of questions or tasks, used to describe or evaluate a subject's personality traits.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

personality test

the measurement of personal characteristics. Assessment is an end result of gathering information intended to advance psychological theory and research and to increase the probability that wise decisions will be made in applied settings (e.g., in selecting the most promising people from a group of job applicants). The approach taken by the specialist in personality assessment is based on the assumption that much of the observable variability in behaviour from one person to another results from differences in the extent to which individuals possess particular underlying personal characteristics (traits). The assessment specialist seeks to define these traits, to measure them objectively, and to relate them to socially significant aspects of behaviour.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Crew members fill out a lengthy, standardized personality test and then answer a weekly questionnaire.
Cultural bias can be a problem when a personality test is translated into another language and culture.
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