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[puh-rook] /pəˈruk/
a man's wig of the 17th and 18th centuries, usually powdered and gathered at the back of the neck with a ribbon; periwig.
1540-50; < Middle French perruque head of hair, wig, of disputed orig.
Related forms
peruked, adjective
perukeless, adjective
unperuked, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for peruke
  • It arises perpendicularly from tho forehead to the height of a foot and a half, thus forming a prodigious and ugly peruke.
British Dictionary definitions for peruke


a type of wig for men, fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries Also called periwig
Word Origin
C16: from French perruque, from Italian perrucca wig, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for peruke
1547, "natural head of hair," from M.Fr. perruque (late 15c.), from It. perrucca "head of hair, wig," of uncertain origin; supposed to be connected to L. pilus "hair" (It. pelo, O.Fr. pel), "but the phonetic difficulties are considerable" [O.E.D.]. Meaning "artificial head of hair, periwig" is attested from 1565.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for peruke


man's wig, especially the type popular from the 17th to the early 19th century. It was made of long hair, often with curls on the sides, and drawn back on the nape of the neck

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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