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[puh-roo] /pəˈru/
Spanish Perú
[pe-roo] /pɛˈru/ (Show IPA)
. a republic in W South America. 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,215 sq. km).
Capital: Lima.
a city in N central Indiana.
a city in N Illinois.
Related forms
[puh-roo-vee-uh n] /pəˈru vi ən/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
non-Peruvian, adjective, noun
pro-Peruvian, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for peruvian
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • In no part of the peruvian Andes are there so many beautiful snowy peaks.

    Inca Land Hiram Bingham
  • Between them lies the Lake of Titicaca, the centre of bygone peruvian civilisation.

    The Western World W.H.G. Kingston
  • Tim tapped his pistol significently, raised five fingers, winked, and twitched his head toward the peruvian.

    The Pathless Trail Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
  • The master pointed to the peruvian flag, and inquired why he was stopped on his voyage.

    The Three Commanders W.H.G. Kingston
  • A decoction of peruvian bark was therefore prescribed, by the use of which she speedily recovered her health.

British Dictionary definitions for peruvian


of or relating to Peru or its inhabitants
a native or inhabitant of Peru


a republic in W South America, on the Pacific: the centre of the great Inca Empire when conquered by the Spanish in 1532; gained independence in 1824 by defeating Spanish forces with armies led by San Martín and Bolívar; consists of a coastal desert, rising to the Andes; an important exporter of minerals and a major fishing nation. Official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Official religion: Roman Catholic. Currency: nuevo sol. Capital: Lima. Pop: 29 849 303 (2013 est). Area: 1 285 215 sq km (496 222 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for peruvian


from Spanish Peru, said to be from Quechua pelu "river." Related: Peruvian.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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peruvian in Culture

Peru definition

Republic in western South America, bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Ecuador to the northwest, Colombia to the northeast, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. Its capital and largest city is Lima.

Note: Achieved independence from Spain in 1821.
Note: Peru was the heart of the Inca Empire, which flourished from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries. The remains of the empire include the fabled stone fortress of Machu Picchu.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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