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peso

[pey-soh; Spanish pe-saw] /ˈpeɪ soʊ; Spanish ˈpɛ sɔ/
noun, plural pesos
[pey-sohz; Spanish pe-saws] /ˈpeɪ soʊz; Spanish ˈpɛ sɔs/ (Show IPA)
1.
a coin and monetary unit of Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Mexico, and the Philippines, equal to 100 centavos.
2.
a coin and monetary unit of Uruguay, equal to 100 centesimos.
3.
a former monetary unit of Argentina, equal to 100 centavos: replaced by the austral in 1985.
4.
a former silver coin of Spain and Spanish America, equal to eight reals; dollar; piece of eight; piaster.
Origin
< Spanish: literally, weight < Latin pēnsum something weighed, noun use of neuter of pēnsus, past participle of pendere to weigh
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pesos

peso

/ˈpeɪsəʊ; Spanish ˈpeso/
noun (pl) -sos (-səʊz; Spanish) (-sos)
1.
the standard monetary unit, comprising 100 centavos, of Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and the Philippines; formerly also of Guinea-Bissau, where it was replaced by the CFA franc
2.
the standard monetary unit of Uruguay, divided into 100 centesimos
3.
another name for piece of eight
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish: weight, from Latin pēnsum something weighed out, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pesos

peso

n.

"Spanish coin," 1550s, from Spanish peso, literally "a weight," from Latin pensum, properly past participle of pendere "to hang, to cause to hang" (see pendant).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for pesos

peso

the monetary unit of several Latin American countries and the Philippines; it is divided into 100 centavos. The peso was introduced into Spain by the monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella, who reformed the Spanish coinage system in 1497; it did not come into common use, though, until the time of Charles I (the emperor Charles V)

Learn more about peso with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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7
8
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