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pest

[pest] /pɛst/
noun
1.
an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance.
2.
an insect or other small animal that harms or destroys garden plants, trees, etc.
3.
a deadly epidemic disease, especially a plague; pestilence.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin pestis plague
Related forms
de-pest, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. annoyance. 3. pandemic, scourge, epidemic.

Pest

[pest; Hungarian pesht] /pɛst; Hungarian pɛʃt/
noun
1.
See under Budapest.

Budapest

[boo-duh-pest, boo-duh-pest; Hungarian boo -do-pesht] /ˈbu dəˌpɛst, ˌbu dəˈpɛst; Hungarian ˈbʊ dɒˌpɛʃt/
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Hungary, in the central part, on the Danube River: formed 1873 from two cities on the W bank of the Danube (Buda and Obuda) and one on the E bank (Pest)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pest

pest

/pɛst/
noun
1.
a person or thing that annoys, esp by imposing itself when it is not wanted; nuisance
2.
  1. any organism that damages crops, injures or irritates livestock or man, or reduces the fertility of land
  2. (as modifier): pest control
3.
(rare) an epidemic disease or pestilence
Word Origin
C16: from Latin pestis plague, of obscure origin

Budapest

/ˌbjuːdəˈpɛst; Hungarian ˈbudɔpɛʃt/
noun
1.
the capital of Hungary, on the River Danube: formed in 1873 from the towns of Buda and Pest. Traditionally Buda, the old Magyar capital, was the administrative and Pest the trade centre: suffered severely in the Russian siege of 1945 and in the unsuccessful revolt against the Communist regime (1956). Pop: 1 719 342 (2003 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pest
n.

1550s (in imprecations, "a pest upon ____," etc.), "plague, pestilence," from Middle French peste (1530s), from Latin pestis "deadly contagious disease; a curse, bane," of uncertain origin. Meaning "noxious or troublesome person or thing" first recorded c.1600.

Budapest

Hungarian capital, formed 1872 from merger of two cities on opposite shores of the Danube, Buda (probably from a word originally meaning "water") + Pest, a Hungarian word meaning "furnace, oven, cove," also in Slavic (cf. Russian pech'). Cf. Ofen, literally "oven," the old German name for the place.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pest in Medicine

pest (pěst)
n.

  1. An injurious plant or animal, especially one harmful to humans.

  2. A deadly epidemic disease; a pestilence.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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pest in Culture
Budapest [(booh-duh-pest, booh-duh-pesht)]

Capital of Hungary and largest city in the country, located in north-central Hungary on both banks of the Danube River; the industrial, cultural, and transportation center of Hungary.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for pest

Pest

megye (county), central Hungary. It borders Slovakia to the north and the counties of Nograd and Heves to the northeast, Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok to the east, Bacs-Kiskun to the south, and Komarom-Esztergom and Fejer to the west. Pest is by far the most-populous and most-industrialized county in Hungary. Budapest, the national capital, is the county seat despite being administratively independent. The majority of county-level institutions are located in Budapest, and only a few operate outside the city boundaries: notably, the cultural centre and the museum directorate in Szentendre, the county hospital in Kistarcsa, and the social security directorate in Cegled. The population of Pest county, due to its 18th-century resettlement, is of diverse origins. Besides a Hungarian majority, there are significant ethnic German, Slovakian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, and Roma (Gypsy) communities

Learn more about Pest with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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