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[far-ingks] /ˈfær ɪŋks/
noun, plural pharynges
[fuh-rin-jeez] /fəˈrɪn dʒiz/ (Show IPA),
pharynxes. Anatomy
the tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles, that connects the mouth and nasal passages with the esophagus.
Origin of pharynx
1685-95; < New Latin < Greek phárynx throat, akin to pháranx gulf, chasm Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for pharynx
  • Part of your pharynx may be removed in a total laryngectomy.
  • Your pharynx is the tube air moves through from your nose.
  • The infection may also be present in the throat and areas around it, causing inflammation of the pharynx.
  • The heart originally lies on the ventral aspect of the pharynx, immediately behind the stomodeum.
  • The diagnosis: aggressive soft-tissue cancer of the pharynx.
  • Cancer may have spread to one or more lymph nodes on one side of the neck and/or to lymph nodes behind the pharynx.
  • The pharynx is the part of the throat immediately behind the mouth.
British Dictionary definitions for pharynx


noun (pl) pharynges (fæˈrɪndʒiːz), pharynxes
the part of the alimentary canal between the mouth and the oesophagus Compare nasopharynx related adjective pharyngeal
Word Origin
C17: via New Latin from Greek pharunx throat; related to Greek pharanx chasm
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pharynx

1690s, from Greek pharynx (genitive pharyngos) "windpipe, throat," related to pharanx "cleft, chasm."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pharynx in Medicine

pharynx phar·ynx (fār'ĭngks)
n. pl. phar·ynx·es or pha·ryng·es (fə-rĭn'jēz)
The upper section of the alimentary canal that extends from the mouth and nasal cavities to the larynx.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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pharynx in Science
Plural pharynges (fə-rĭn'jēz) or pharynxes
The passage that leads from the cavities of the nose and mouth to the larynx (voice box) and esophagus. Air passes through the pharynx on the way to the lungs, and food enters the esophagus from the pharynx.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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