The 24-hour term is very variable both as regards its amplitude and its phase angle (and so 864 its hour of maximum).
On the other hand, the phase angle phenomena vary much for the different elements.
1705, "phase of the moon," back-formed as a singular from Modern Latin phases, plural of phasis, from Greek phasis "appearance" (of a star), "phase" (of the moon), from stem of phainein "to show, to make appear" (see phantasm). Latin singular phasis was used in English from 1660. Non-lunar application is first attested 1841. Meaning "temporary difficult period" (especially of adolescents) is attested from 1913.
"to synchronize," 1895, from phase (n.). Meaning "to carry out gradually" is from 1949, hence phase in "introduce gradually" (1954), phase out (1954). Related: Phased; phasing.
A characteristic form, appearance, or stage of development that occurs in a cycle or that distinguishes some individuals of a group.
A discrete homogeneous part of a material system that is mechanically separable from the rest, as is ice from water.
Any of the forms or states, solid, liquid, gas, or plasma, in which matter can exist, depending on temperature and pressure.
A particular stage in a periodic process or phenomenon such as a wave form or time pattern.