phenol

[fee-nawl, -nol]
noun Chemistry.
1.
Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous mass, C 6 H 5 OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative of benzene: used chiefly as a disinfectant, as an antiseptic, and in organic synthesis.
2.
any analogous hydroxyl derivative of benzene.

Origin:
1850–55; phen- + -ol1

phenolic [fi-noh-lik, -nol-ik] , adjective
nonphenolic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

phenolic resin

noun Chemistry.
any of the class of thermosetting resins formed by the condensation of phenol, or of a phenol derivative, with an aldehyde, especially formaldehyde: used chiefly in the manufacture of paints and plastics and as adhesives for sandpaper and plywood.
Also called phenolic, phenoplast.


Origin:
1915–20; phenol + -ic

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World English Dictionary
phenol (ˈfiːnɒl)
 
n
1.  Also called: carbolic acid a white crystalline soluble poisonous acidic derivative of benzene, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant and in the manufacture of resins, nylon, dyes, explosives, and pharmaceuticals; hydroxybenzene. Formula: C6H5OH
2.  chem any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds whose molecules contain one or more hydroxyl groups bound directly to a carbon atom in an aromatic ring

phenolic (fɪˈnɒlɪk)
 
adj
of, containing, or derived from phenol

phenolic resin
 
n
See also Bakelite any one of a class of resins derived from phenol, used in paints, adhesives, and as thermosetting plastics

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

phenol phe·nol (fē'nôl', -nōl')
n.

  1. A caustic, poisonous, white crystalline compound derived from benzene and used in pharmaceuticals and in dilute form as an antiseptic. Also called carbolic acid, phenic acid.

  2. Any of a class of aromatic organic compounds having at least one hydroxyl group attached directly to the benzene ring.

phenolic phe·no·lic (fĭ-nō'lĭk, -nŏl'ĭk)
adj.
Of, relating to, containing, or derived from phenol. n.
Any of various synthetic thermosetting resins, obtained by the reaction of phenols with simple aldehydes and used as adhesives.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
phenol   (fē'nôl', -nōl')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Any of a class of organic compounds that contain a hydroxyl group (OH) attached to a carbon atom that is part of an aromatic ring. Phenols are similar to alcohols but are more soluble in water, and occur as colorless solids or liquids at room temperature. Some phenols occur naturally in the essential oils of plants. Phenols are used in industry to make plastics and detergents.

  2. The simplest phenol, consisting of a benzene ring attached to a hydroxyl group (OH). It is a poisonous, white, crystalline compound and is used to make plastics and drugs. Also called carbolic acid. Chemical formula: C6H6O.


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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The oxidation causes the phenolic compounds to condense into brown spots.
Laminates are made of thin sheets of kraft paper impregnated with phenolic resin.
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