philodendron

[fil-uh-den-druhn]
noun
a tropical American climbing plant belonging to the genus Philodendron, of the arum family, usually having smooth, shiny, evergreen leaves, often used as an ornamental houseplant.

Origin:
1875–80; < Neo-Latin < Greek, noun use of neuter of philódendros fond of trees, in reference to its climbing habit. See philo-, -dendron

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World English Dictionary
philodendron (ˌfɪləˈdɛndrən)
 
n , pl -drons, -dra
any aroid evergreen climbing plant of the tropical American genus Philodendron: cultivated as house plants
 
[C19: New Latin from Greek: lover of trees]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

philodendron
1877, from the Mod.L. genus name (1830), from Gk. philodendron, neut. of philodendros "loving trees," from philo- "loving" + dendron "tree;" the plant so called because it clings to trees.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Philodendron poisoning occurs when someone eats pieces of this plant.
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