noun, plural phlebotomies. Medicine/Medical.
the act or practice of opening a vein for letting or drawing blood as a therapeutic or diagnostic measure; venesection; bleeding.

1350–1400; earlier flebotomye, phlebothomy (< Middle French flebotomie) < Medieval Latin phlebotomia, Late Latin < Greek phlebotomía (see phlebo-, -tomy); replacing Middle English fleobotomie < Medieval Latin fleobotomia, variant of phlebotomia Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
phlebotomy (flɪˈbɒtəmɪ)
n , pl -mies
Also called: venesection surgical incision into a vein
[C14: from Old French flebothomie, from Late Latin phlebotomia, from Greek]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"bloodletting," c.1400, flebotomye, from O.Fr. flebotomie (13c.), from medical L. phlebotomia, from Gk. phlebotomia "blood-letting," from phlebotomos "opening veins," from phleps (gen. phlebos) "vein" + -tomia "cutting of," from tome "a cutting" (see tome).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

phlebotomy phle·bot·o·my (flĭ-bŏt'ə-mē)
The act or practice of opening a vein by incision or puncture to remove blood. Also called venesection, venotomy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
phlebotomy   (flĭ-bŏt'ə-mē)  Pronunciation Key 
The act or practice of opening a vein by incision or puncture to remove blood.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
When she comes to distribute prescriptions at the next Guild meeting, she brings along her red-veined rubber phlebotomy arm.
This employee will also perform animal observation, and minor clinical tasks such as phlebotomy.
My hospital recently decided to ask nurses, rather than the phlebotomy team, to handle blood draws.
Phlebotomy is still used as an extremely effective treatment for haemochromatosis.
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