9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[flem] /flɛm/
the thick mucus secreted in the respiratory passages and discharged through the mouth, especially that occurring in the lungs and throat passages, as during a cold.
one of the four elemental bodily humors of medieval physiology, regarded as causing sluggishness or apathy.
sluggishness, indifference, or apathy.
self-possession, calmness, or composure.
Origin of phlegm
1350-1400; Middle English fleem < Middle French flemme < Late Latin phlegma < Greek phlégma flame, phlegmatic humor, equivalent to phlég(ein) to burn + -ma resultative noun suffix
Related forms
phlegmless, adjective
3. impassivity.
3. animation, concern. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for phlegm
  • Snake bile is used to clear up your phlegm and stomach, and to promote joint health.
  • Now he was feverish, coughing up phlegm and having difficulty speaking.
  • Iodide was given to make phlegm less sticky, but many were allergic to it.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen secretions and bring up phlegm.
  • Eighty-five percent of the patients either had no bacterial growth in their phlegm or had some decrease.
  • They all had pneumonia, and the space between each was literally covered with phlegm expectorated by the patients.
  • There is no evidence that dairy products, especially milk, increase phlegm.
  • Patients should not suppress coughs that produce mucus and phlegm.
  • As the pulse weakened, food was vomited undigested, followed by watery phlegm.
  • She began hacking up phlegm, spitting all over the back of the van.
British Dictionary definitions for phlegm


the viscid mucus secreted by the walls of the respiratory tract
(archaic) one of the four bodily humours
apathy; stolidity; indifference
self-possession; imperturbability; coolness
Derived Forms
phlegmy, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French fleume, from Late Latin phlegma, from Greek: inflammation, from phlegein to burn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for phlegm

late 14c., fleem "viscid mucus" (the stuff itself and also regarded as a bodily humor), from Old French fleume (13c., Modern French flegme), from Late Latin phlegma, one of the four humors of the body, from Greek phlegma "humor caused by heat," lit "inflammation, heat," from phlegein "to burn," related to phlox (genitive phlogos) "flame, blaze," from PIE *bhleg- "to shine, flash," from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn" (see bleach (v.)). Modern form is attested from c.1660. The "cold, moist" humor of the body, in medieval physiology, it was believed to cause apathy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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phlegm in Medicine

phlegm (flěm)

  1. Thick, sticky, stringy mucus secreted by the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract, as during a cold or other respiratory infection.

  2. One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, thought to cause sluggishness, apathy, and evenness of temper.

phlegm'y adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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phlegm in Science
Thick mucus produced by the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, as during a cold or other respiratory infection.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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