[foh-nuh-graf, -grahf]
any sound-reproducing machine using records in the form of cylinders or discs.

1825–35 in sense “phonogram”; 1877 for the “talking phonograph” invented by T. A. Edison; phono- + -graph Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
phonograph (ˈfəʊnəˌɡrɑːf, -ˌɡræf)
1.  an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
2.  (US), (Canadian) gramophone, Also called: record player a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1835, "character representing a sound," lit. "writer of sounds," from Gk. phono- "sound" + -graphos "writing, writer." Phonographic (1840) originally was in ref. to shorthand; meaning "of an instrument that produces sounds from records" (talking phonograph, invented by Thomas A. Edison in 1877) it is
attested from 1878. The recording made from it at first was called a phonogram (1879).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But it's also the world's largest establishment selling old and rare phonograph
At their birth, photography, the phonograph and cinematography were useful
They chased bad guys, but they also had a telephone and a phonograph.
Audiophiles snapped them up for home use, and the invention became one of the
  basics in phonograph cartridge design.
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