phylloxera

[fil-uhk-seer-uh, fi-lok-ser-uh]
noun, plural phylloxerae [fil-uhk-seer-ee, fi-lok-suh-ree] , phylloxeras.
any of several plant lice of the genus Phylloxera, especially P. vitifoliae (grape phylloxera) which attacks the leaves and roots of grapevines.

Origin:
1865–70; < Neo-Latin (1834) < Greek phyllo- phyllo- + xērá, feminine of xērós dry; so named in reference to the dessication of leaves caused by some species

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World English Dictionary
phylloxera (ˌfɪlɒkˈsɪərə, fɪˈlɒksərə)
 
n , pl -rae, -ras
any homopterous insect of the genus Phylloxera, such as P. vitifolia (or Viteus vitifolii) (vine phylloxera), typically feeding on plant juices, esp of vines: family Phylloxeridae
 
[C19: from New Latin phyllo- + Greek xēros dry]

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Example sentences
Resistant rootstocks have been grafted to achieve not only resistance to phylloxera, but also nematodes.
The phylloxera are already in many sections, and doing dam age to many vineyards.
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