a person who is legally qualified to practice medicine; doctor of medicine.
a person engaged in general medical practice, as distinguished from one specializing in surgery.
a person who is skilled in the art of healing.

1175–1225; physic + -ian (see -ician); replacing Middle English fisicien < Old French

physicianly, adjective

doctor, physician. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
physician (fɪˈzɪʃən)
1.  a person legally qualified to practise medicine, esp one specializing in areas of treatment other than surgery; doctor of medicine
2.  archaic any person who treats diseases; healer
[C13: from Old French fisicien, from fisiquephysic]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 13c., fisicien, from O.Fr. fisicien "physician" (12c., Mod.Fr. physicien means "physicist"), from fisique "art of healing," from L. physica "natural science" (see physic).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

physician phy·si·cian (fĭ-zĭsh'ən)
Abbr. phys.

  1. Abbr. phys. A person licensed to practice medicine; a medical doctor.

  2. A person who practices general medicine as distinct from surgery.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Physician definition

Asa, afflicted with some bodily malady, "sought not to the Lord but to the physicians" (2 Chr. 16:12). The "physicians" were those who "practised heathen arts of magic, disavowing recognized methods of cure, and dissociating the healing art from dependence on the God of Israel. The sin of Asa was not, therefore, in seeking medical advice, as we understand the phrase, but in forgetting Jehovah."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Another provision in the bill will expose relationships between physician
  researchers and the medical industry.
Thornton, who had been trained as a physician but was now trying his hand at
  architecture, seemed unaware of the oppressive heat.
Peel is a practising physician and national expert on medical privacy.
It is clear today that the public is searching for a humanistic physician.
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