physostigmine

physostigmine

[fahy-soh-stig-meen, -min]
noun Pharmacology.
an alkaloid, C 1 5 H 2 1 N 3 O 2 , used in the treatment of alzheimer's disease to raise the level of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and also as a miotic in glaucoma.

Origin:
1860–65; < Neo-Latin Physostigm(a) genus of plants yielding the alkaloid (see physo-, stigma) + -ine2

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World English Dictionary
physostigmine or physostigmin (ˌfaɪsəʊˈstɪɡmiːn, ˌfaɪsəʊˈstɪɡmɪn)
 
n
Also called: eserine an alkaloid found in the Calabar bean used esp in eye drops to reduce pressure inside the eyeball. Formula: C15H21N3O2
 
[C19: from New Latin Physostigma genus name, from Greek phusa bladder +stigma mark]
 
physostigmin or physostigmin
 
n
 
[C19: from New Latin Physostigma genus name, from Greek phusa bladder +stigma mark]

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

physostigmine phy·so·stig·mine (fī'sō-stĭg'mēn') or phy·so·stig·min (-mĭn)
n.
A crystalline alkaloid used in medicine as a miotic and cholinergic agent and to enhance memory in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Also called eserine.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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