piastre

piaster

[pee-as-ter, -ah-ster]
noun
1.
a former coin of Turkey, the 100th part of a lira: replaced by the kurus in 1933.
2.
a monetary unit of Egypt, Lebanon, Sudan, and Syria, the 100th part of a pound.
3.
a former monetary unit of South Vietnam: replaced by the dong in 1976.
4.
the former peso or dollar of Spain and Spanish America.
Also, piastre.


Origin:
1605–15; < French piastre < Italian piastra thin sheet of metal, silver coin (short for piastra d'argento, literally, plate of silver), akin to piastro plaster

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World English Dictionary
piastre or piaster (pɪˈæstə)
 
n
1.  (formerly) the standard monetary unit of South Vietnam, divided into 100 cents
2.  a fractional monetary unit of Egypt, Lebanon, and Syria worth one hundredth of a pound; formerly also used in the Sudan
3.  another name for kuruş
4.  a rare word for piece of eight
 
[C17: from French piastre, from Italian piastra d'argento silver plate; related to Italian piastroplaster]
 
piaster or piaster
 
n
 
[C17: from French piastre, from Italian piastra d'argento silver plate; related to Italian piastroplaster]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

piaster
"Sp. dollar" (1630), also "monetary unit and coin of Turkey" (1611, in Turk., ghurush, originally debased Sp. dollars), from Fr. piastre, from It. piastra "thin metal plate," short for impiastro "plaster," from L. emplastrum, from Gk. emplastron (see plaster).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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