[pik-uh-dawr; Spanish pee-kah-thawr]
noun, plural picadors Spanish, picadores [pee-kah-thaw-res] .
one of the mounted assistants to a matador, who opens the bullfight by enraging the bull and weakening its shoulder muscles with a lance.

1790–1800; < Spanish: literally, pricker, equivalent to pic(ar) to prick (see pique1) + -ador < Latin -ātor -ator

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World English Dictionary
picador (ˈpɪkəˌdɔː)
bullfighting a horseman who pricks the bull with a lance in the early stages of a fight to goad and weaken it
[C18: from Spanish, literally: pricker, from picar to prick; see pique1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1797, from Sp. picador, lit. "pricker," from picar "to pierce," from V.L. *piccare "to pierce" (see pike (2)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He frequently envisages himself in the bullring as a picador or torero, as well as the bull.
The picador stage is the second part of the bullfight.
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