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Pietermaritzburg

[pee-ter-mar-its-burg] /ˌpi tərˈmær ɪtsˌbɜrg/
noun
1.
a city in and the capital of Natal province, in the E Republic of South Africa.

Natal

[nuh-tal, -tahl; for 2 also Portuguese nuh-tawl] /nəˈtæl, -ˈtɑl; for 2 also Portuguese nəˈtɔl/
noun
1.
a province in the E part of the Republic of South Africa. 35,284 sq. mi. (91,886 sq. km).
Capital: Pietermaritzburg.
2.
a seaport in E Brazil.
Related forms
Natalian, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Pietermaritzburg

Pietermaritzburg

/ˌpiːtəˈmærɪtsˌbɜːɡ/
noun
1.
a city in E South Africa, the capital of KwaZulu-Natal: founded in 1839 by the Boers: gateway to Natal's mountain resorts. Pop: 223 519 (2001)

natal1

/ˈneɪtəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to birth
2.
a rare word for native natal instincts
Word Origin
C14: from Latin nātālis of one's birth, from nātus, from nascī to be born

natal2

/ˈneɪtəl/
adjective
1.
(anatomy) of or relating to the buttocks
Word Origin
from New Latin nates buttocks

Natal

noun
1.
(nəˈtæl). a former province of E South Africa, between the Drakensberg and the Indian Ocean: set up as a republic by the Boers in 1838; became a British colony in 1843; joined South Africa in 1910; replaced by KwaZulu-Natal in 1994. Capital: Pietermaritzburg
2.
(Portuguese) (naˈtal). a port in NE Brazil, capital of Rio Grande do Norte state, near the mouth of the Potengi River. Pop: 1 049 000 (2005 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Pietermaritzburg

natal

adj.

late 14c., "of or pertaining to birthdays," from Latin natalis "pertaining to birth or origin," from natus, past participle of nasci "to be born" (Old Latin gnasci; see genus).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Pietermaritzburg in Medicine

natal na·tal (nāt'l)
adj.

  1. Of, relating to, or accompanying birth.

  2. Of or relating to the buttocks.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for Pietermaritzburg

city, capital of KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. It lies in the Msunduzi River valley, at the base of a tree-covered escarpment inland from Durban. Boers from the Cape Colony founded it in 1838 after a victory over the Zulus at Blood River and named it to honour their dead leaders Piet Retief and Gerrit Maritz. The British took control in 1843 and built Fort Napier (now a historical monument). Pietermaritzburg was incorporated in 1854 and was the capital of Natal (now KwaZulu-Natal) province from 1856 to 1994. It was co-capital with Ulundi of KwaZulu-Natal from 1994 to 1995, when Ulundi was designated the capital. This was reversed in 2004, when Pietermaritzburg was once again declared the capital of the province

Learn more about Pietermaritzburg with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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