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pilchard

[pil-cherd] /ˈpɪl tʃərd/
noun
1.
a small, southern European, marine fish, Sardina pilchardus, related to the herring but smaller and rounder.
2.
any of several related fishes, as Sardinops caeruleus, common off the California coast.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; earlier pilcher; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pilchard

pilchard

/ˈpɪltʃəd/
noun
1.
a European food fish, Sardina (or Clupea) pilchardus, with a rounded body covered with large scales: family Clupeidae (herrings)
2.
a related fish, Sardinops neopilchardus, of S Australian waters
Word Origin
C16: pylcher, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pilchard
n.

fish of the herring family, 1540s, earlier pilcher (1520s), of unknown origin. The -d- is "excrescent" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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