pilchard

pilchard

[pil-cherd]
noun
1.
a small, southern European, marine fish, Sardina pilchardus, related to the herring but smaller and rounder.
2.
any of several related fishes, as Sardinops caeruleus, common off the California coast.

Origin:
1520–30; earlier pilcher; origin uncertain

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World English Dictionary
pilchard (ˈpɪltʃəd)
 
n
1.  a European food fish, Sardina (or Clupea) pilchardus, with a rounded body covered with large scales: family Clupeidae (herrings)
2.  a related fish, Sardinops neopilchardus, of S Australian waters
 
[C16: pylcher, of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pilchard
fish of the herring family, 1542, earlier pilcher (1530), of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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