pilocarpine

[pahy-luh-kahr-peen, -pin, pil-uh-]
noun Pharmacology.
an oil or crystalline alkaloid, C 1 1 H 1 6 N 2 O 2 , obtained from jaborandi, and used chiefly to produce sweating, promote the flow of saliva, contract the pupil of the eye, and for glaucoma.

Origin:
1870–75; < Neo-Latin Pilocarp(us) name of the genus of shrubs which includes jaborandi (< Greek pîlo(s) felt, wool or hair made into felt + -o- -o- + -karpos -carp) + -ine1

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World English Dictionary
pilocarpine or pilocarpin (ˌpaɪləʊˈkɑːpaɪn, -pɪn, ˌpaɪləʊˈkɑːpɪn)
 
n
an alkaloid extracted from the leaves of the jaborandi tree, formerly used to induce sweating. Formula: C11H16N2O2
 
[C19: from New Latin Pilocarpus genus name, from Greek pilos hair + karpos fruit]
 
pilocarpin or pilocarpin
 
n
 
[C19: from New Latin Pilocarpus genus name, from Greek pilos hair + karpos fruit]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

pilocarpine pi·lo·car·pine (pī'lō-kär'pēn')
n.
A colorless or yellow poisonous compound used to induce sweating, promote salivation, and treat glaucoma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Drugs such as pilocarpine may protect normal cells from the side effects of radiation therapy.
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