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pinyin

[pin-yin] /ˈpɪnˈyɪn/
noun, (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
a system for transliterating Chinese into the Latin alphabet: introduced in 1958 and adopted as the official system of romanization by the People's Republic of China in 1979.
Origin
< Chinese pīnyīn literally, phonetic spelling (pīn arrange, classify + yīn sound, pronunciation)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pinyin

Pinyin

/ˈpɪnˈjɪn/
noun
1.
a system of romanized spelling developed in China in 1958: used to transliterate Chinese characters into the Roman alphabet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for pinyin
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin and History for pinyin
n.

system of Romanized spelling for Chinese, 1963, from Chinese pinyin "to spell, to combine sounds into syllables," from pin "put together" + yin "sound, tone." Adopted officially by the People's Republic of China in 1958. Outside China gradually superseding the 19c. Wade-Giles system (Mao Tse-tung is Wade-Giles, Mao Zedong is pinyin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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