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piperazine

[pi-per-uh-zeen, -zin, pahy-, pip-er-uh-] /pɪˈpɛr əˌzin, -zɪn, paɪ-, ˈpɪp ər ə-/
noun, Chemistry
1.
Also called piperazidine
[pip-uh-raz-i-deen, -din, pahy-puh-] /ˌpɪp əˈræz ɪˌdin, -dɪn, ˌpaɪ pə-/ (Show IPA)
. a colorless, crystalline, deliquescent ring compound, C 4 H 1 0 N 2 , prepared by the reaction of ethylene bromide or ethylene chloride with ammonia: used chiefly in veterinary medicine as an anthelmintic, and as an insecticide.
2.
any derivative of this compound.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Latin piper pepper + -azine
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for piperazine

piperazine

/pɪˈpɛrəˌziːn; -zɪn/
noun
1.
a white crystalline deliquescent heterocyclic nitrogen compound used as an insecticide, corrosion inhibitor, and veterinary anthelmintic. Formula: C4H10N2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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piperazine in Medicine

piperazine pi·per·a·zine (pī-pěr'ə-zēn', pĭ-)
n.
A colorless crystalline compound used as a hardener for epoxy resins, an antihistamine, and an anthelmintic.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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piperazine in Science
piperazine
  (pī-pěr'ə-zēn', pĭ-)   
A colorless crystalline compound used as a hardener for epoxy resins, as an antihistamine, and as an agent for expelling or destroying parasitic intestinal worms. Piperazine belongs to the class of chemicals called pyrazines. Chemical formula: C4H10N2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for piperazine

anthelmintic drug used in the treatment of intestinal roundworm infection in humans and domestic animals (including poultry) and against pinworm infection in humans. It is administered orally, in repeated doses, usually as the citrate salt. Its action causes worms to be paralyzed and then eliminated in the stool

Learn more about piperazine with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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