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[pee-rah-si-kah-bah] /ˌpi rɑ sɪˈkɑ bɑ/
a city in SE Brazil, NW of São Paulo. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Encyclopedia Article for Piracicaba

city, in the highlands of east-central Sao Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies at 1,772 feet (540 metres) above sea level on the Tiete River. Formerly called Santo Antonio de Piracicaba and Vila Nova da Constituicao, the settlement was given town status in 1821 and made the seat of a municipality in 1856. The city is in the centre of the state's main sugarcane-producing area; cotton, rice, coffee, and other crops are also cultivated. In addition to sugar refineries, the city has distilleries and food-processing factories as well as metallurgical plants. One of the state's chief agricultural colleges is nearby, and it has a sizable football (soccer) stadium. Piracicaba is linked by road, rail, and air to Sao Paulo, the state capital, 85 miles (137 km) southeast. Neighbouring cities include Americana, Limeira, and Rio Claro. Pop. (2005 est.) 347,800

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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