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pirouette

[pir-oo-et] /ˌpɪr uˈɛt/
noun
1.
a whirling about on one foot or on the points of the toes, as in ballet dancing.
2.
Dressage. a complete turn in which the horse uses its hind legs as a pivot.
verb (used without object), pirouetted, pirouetting.
3.
to perform a pirouette; whirl, as on the toes.
Origin
1700-1710
1700-10; < French: a whirl, top, feminine of Middle French pirouet, equivalent to pirou- (cognate with Italian pirolo, diminutive of piro peg) + -et -et
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pirouetted

pirouette

/ˌpɪrʊˈɛt/
noun
1.
a body spin, esp in dancing, on the toes or the ball of the foot
verb
2.
(intransitive) to perform a pirouette
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Old French pirouet spinning top; related to Italian pirolo little peg
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pirouetted

pirouette

n.

1706, from French pirouette "spinning top; pirouette in dancing," from Middle French pirouet "spinning top" (15c.), from Gallo-Romance root *pir- "peg, plug" (cf. Italian piruolo "peg top") + diminutive suffix -ette.

v.

1822, from pirouette (n.) and also from French pirouetter. Related: Pirouetted; pirouetting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for pirouetted

pirouette

(French: "to whirl about"), ballet turn in place on one leg. The pirouette is often done in spectacular series, which women usually perform on toe (pointe) and men on the ball of the foot (demi-pointe). In a pirouette sur le cou-de-pied, the raised foot rests on the supporting ankle; in a pirouette a la seconde, or grande pirouette, it is extended in the second position at a 90 angle to the supporting leg. The leg may be held at the front (attitude), side (a la seconde, or grande pirouette), or back (arabesque and attitude). The body may turn toward the raised leg (en dehors: "outside," or "backward") or the supporting leg (en dedans: "inside," or "forward"). Four and five pirouettes are now commonly performed, and up to 14 have been executed by 20th-century dancers.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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13
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