any fabric woven of differently colored yarns in a crossbarred pattern.
a pattern of this kind.
a long, rectangular piece of cloth, usually with such a pattern and worn across the left shoulder by Scottish Highlanders.
having the pattern of a plaid.

1505–15; < Scots Gaelic plaide blanket, plaid (def 3) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
plaid (plæd, pleɪd)
1.  a long piece of cloth of a tartan pattern, worn over the shoulder as part of Highland costume
2.  a.  a crisscross weave or cloth
 b.  (as modifier): a plaid scarf
[C16: from Scottish Gaelic plaide, of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1512, from Scottish, from Gaelic plaide "blanket, mantle," of unknown origin, perhaps a contraction of peallaid "sheepskin," from peall "skin," from L. pellis (but OED finds this "phonetically improbable"). The wearing of it by males forbidden by act of parliament, under penalty of transportation, 1746-82.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In handsome, loose swingback topcoats, he combines plaid and plain.
Some things are even worse than plaid with seersucker.
He started the show with three sparkling sequin-paved dresses, but soon moved
  into the plaid sequence.
The boys will wear dark blue pants, a plaid tie, yellow shirt and blue sweater
  with white trim.
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