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platen

[plat-n] /ˈplæt n/
noun
1.
a flat plate in a printing press for pressing the paper against the inked type or plate to produce an impression.
2.
a rotating cylinder used for the same purpose.
3.
the roller of a typewriter.
4.
(on a planing machine or the like) the bed to which the work is fastened.
5.
(on a testing machine) a plate for applying compression to a sample.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; earlier platyne, late Middle English plateyne chalice cover < Middle French platine. See plate1, -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for platen
  • One half is connected to a movable platen and the other is connected to a stationary platen.
  • platen presses are commonly referred to as cutting or creasing presses.
British Dictionary definitions for platen

platen

/ˈplætən/
noun
1.
a flat plate in a printing press that presses the paper against the type
2.
the roller on a typewriter, against which the keys strike
3.
the worktable of a machine tool, esp one that is slotted to enable T-bolts to be used
Word Origin
C15: from Old French platine, from plat flat; see plate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for platen
n.

1540s, from Middle French plateine, from Old French platine "flat piece, metal plate" (13c.), perhaps altered (by influence of plat "flat") from patene, from Latin patena "pan."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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