a fold of definite, even width made by doubling cloth or the like upon itself and pressing or stitching it in place.
verb (used with object)
to fold or arrange in pleats.
Also, plait.

1325–75; Middle English; variant of plait

pleater, noun
pleatless, adjective
unpleated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pleat (pliːt)
1.  box pleat inverted pleat kick pleat knife pleat See also sunburst pleats any of various types of fold formed by doubling back fabric and pressing, stitching, or steaming into place
2.  (tr) to arrange (material, part of a garment, etc) in pleats
[C16: variant of plait]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1570, used as the verb version of plait (q.v.). Later (1581) as a noun.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She will wash in the river, wash and rewash and pleat herself back together.
As the saguaro grows, the ribs will occasionally fork and the corresponding
  pleat will also fork at the same place.
Precautions against bridging were taken in all cartridge filters by using open
  pleat designs.
Media shall maintain uniform pleat shape and stability for proper air flow and
  maximum dust loading.
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