plein-air

plein air

[pleyn air; French ple ner]
noun
1.
the open air, especially the daylight of outdoors.
2.
Fine Arts. the quality of light and atmosphere out of doors, especially this quality as rendered in painting.

Origin:
1890–95; < French: literally, full air

Dictionary.com Unabridged

plein-air

[pleyn-air; French ple-ner]
adjective
1.
pertaining to a manner or style of painting developed chiefly in France in the mid-19th century, characterized by the representation of the luminous effects of natural light and atmosphere as contrasted with the artificial light and absence of the sense of air or atmosphere associated with paintings produced in the studio.
2.
designating a painting executed out of doors and representing a direct response to the scene or subject in front of the artist.
3.
(of a painting) having the qualities of air and natural light.

Origin:
1890–95; adj. use of plein air

plein-airism, noun
plein-airist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
plein-air (ˌpleɪnˈɛə, French plɛnɛr)
 
adj
of or in the manner of various French 19th-century schools of painting, esp impressionism, concerned with the observation of light and atmosphere effects outdoors
 
[C19: from French phrase en plein air in the open (literally: full) air]
 
plein-airist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

plein-air
1894, from Fr. phrase en plein air, lit. "in the open air." The style developed among Fr. impressionists c.1870.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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