plight1 [plahyt] /plaɪt/ Show IPA
a condition, state, or situation, especially an unfavorable or unfortunate one:
to find oneself in a sorry plight.
1350–1400; Middle English plit
fold, condition, bad condition < Anglo-French
(cognate with Middle French pleit plait
) fold, manner of folding, condition; spelling apparently influenced by plight2
in obsolete sense “danger”
case. See predicament
plight2 [plahyt] /plaɪt/ Show IPA
verb (used with object)
(one's troth) in engagement to marry.
to bind (someone) by a pledge
, especially of marriage.
to give in pledge
, as one's word, or to pledge
, as one's honor.
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; cognate with Dutch plicht, German Pflicht duty, obligation; (v.) Middle English plighten, Old English plihtan (derivative of the noun) to endanger, risk, pledge; cognate with Old High German phlichten to engage oneself, Middle Dutch plihten to guarantee