plighted

plight

2 [plahyt]
verb (used with object)
1.
to pledge (one's troth) in engagement to marry.
2.
to bind (someone) by a pledge, especially of marriage.
3.
to give in pledge, as one's word, or to pledge, as one's honor.
noun
4.
Archaic. pledge.

Origin:
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; cognate with Dutch plicht, German Pflicht duty, obligation; (v.) Middle English plighten, Old English plihtan (derivative of the noun) to endanger, risk, pledge; cognate with Old High German phlichten to engage oneself, Middle Dutch plihten to guarantee

plighter, noun
unplighted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To plighted
Collins
World English Dictionary
plight1 (plaɪt)
 
n
a condition of extreme hardship, danger, etc
 
[C14 plit, from Old French pleit fold, plait; probably influenced by Old English pliht peril, plight²]

plight2 (plaɪt)
 
vb
1.  to give or pledge (one's word): he plighted his word to attempt it
2.  to promise formally or pledge (allegiance, support, etc): to plight aid
3.  plight one's troth
 a.  to make a promise of marriage
 b.  to give one's solemn promise
 
n
4.  archaic, dialect or a solemn promise, esp of engagement; pledge
 
[Old English pliht peril; related to Old High German, German Pflicht duty]
 
'plighter2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

plight
"pledge," obsolete except in archaic plight one's troth, from O.E. pligtan "endanger," verb form of pliht "danger, risk," from P.Gmc. *pleg- (cf. O.E. pleon "to risk the loss of, expose to danger," O.Fris., M.Du. plicht "care, carefulness," O.H.G. pfliht, Ger. pflicht "obligation, duty," M.Du. plien
"to answer for, guarantee").

plight
"condition or state (usually bad)," c.1175, from Anglo-Fr. plit, O.Fr. pleit "condition" (13c.), originally "way of folding," from V.L. *plictum, from L. plicitum, neut. pp. of L. plicare "to fold, lay" (see ply (v.)). Originally in neutral sense (as in modern Fr. en bon plit
"in good condition"), sense of "harmful state" is probably from convergence with plight (v.) via notion of "entangling risk, pledge or promise with great risk to the pledger."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature