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plump1

[pluhmp] /plʌmp/
adjective, plumper, plumpest.
1.
well filled out or rounded in form; somewhat fleshy or fat.
verb (used without object)
2.
to become plump (often followed by up or out).
verb (used with object)
3.
to make plump (often followed by up or out):
to plump up the sofa pillows.
Origin
1475-1485
1475-85; earlier plompe dull, rude < Middle Dutch plomp blunt, not pointed; cognate with Middle Low German plump
Related forms
plumply, adverb
plumpness, noun
Synonyms
1. portly, round. See stout. 2, 3. fatten.
Antonyms
1. thin.

plump2

[pluhmp] /plʌmp/
verb (used without object)
1.
to drop or fall heavily or suddenly; come down abruptly or with direct impact.
2.
Chiefly British. to vote exclusively for one candidate in an election, instead of distributing or splitting one's votes among a number.
verb (used with object)
3.
to drop or throw heavily or suddenly (often followed by down):
He plumped himself down and fell asleep.
4.
to utter or say bluntly (often followed by out):
She plumps out the truth at the oddest times.
5.
to praise or extol:
road signs plumping the delights of a new candy bar.
noun
6.
a heavy or sudden fall.
7.
the sound resulting from such a fall.
adverb
8.
with a heavy or sudden fall or drop.
9.
directly or bluntly, as in speaking.
10.
in a vertical direction; straight down.
11.
with sudden encounter.
12.
with direct impact.
adjective
13.
direct; downright; blunt.
Verb phrases
14.
plump for, to support enthusiastically; be wholeheartedly in favor of:
to plump for a team.
Origin
1300-50; Middle English plumpen (v.), cognate with Dutch plompen; probably imitative

plump3

[pluhmp] /plʌmp/
noun, Chiefly British Dialect
1.
a group or cluster.
2.
a flock:
a plump of ducks.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English plumpe < ?
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for plump
  • To consider what to serve with stout, discard your notions of plump sausages or chili.
  • Certainly it's harder for graduate students and junior faculty members to turn down opportunities to plump up their vitae.
  • If city-dwellers plump for elected mayors, they will have large fiefs.
  • The birds then got so plump that they became too heavy to fly, whether they wanted to or not, the study suggests.
  • Look for clams with siphons that appear fresh, plump and firm.
  • Harvest when pods are plump but still green and fuzzy.
  • When people grow obese, their fat cells swell with fat and can plump up to three times normal size.
  • When the waiter brought the dish, which was filled with plump mussels carefully.
  • Physicians called it insane, saying it would do nothing to help plump patients pare down to healthier weights.
  • These plants shrivel from serious drought but plump up again with watering or rainfall.
British Dictionary definitions for plump

plump1

/plʌmp/
adjective
1.
well filled out or rounded; fleshy or chubby a plump turkey
2.
bulging, as with contents; full a plump wallet
3.
(of amounts of money) generous; ample a plump cheque
verb
4.
often foll by up or out. to make or become plump to plump up a pillow
Derived Forms
plumply, adverb
plumpness, noun
Word Origin
C15 (meaning: dull, rude), C16 (in current senses): perhaps from Middle Dutch plomp dull, blunt

plump2

/plʌmp/
verb
1.
often foll by down, into, etc. to drop or fall suddenly and heavily to plump down on the sofa
2.
(intransitive) foll by for. to give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number
noun
3.
a heavy abrupt fall or the sound of this
adverb
4.
suddenly or heavily he ran plump into the old lady
5.
straight down; directly the helicopter landed plump in the middle of the field
adjective, adverb
6.
in a blunt, direct, or decisive manner
Word Origin
C14: probably of imitative origin; compare Middle Low German plumpen, Middle Dutch plompen

plump3

/plʌmp/
noun
1.
(archaic or dialect) a group of people, animals, or things; troop; cluster
Word Origin
C15: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for plump
adj.

late 15c., "blunt, dull" (in manners), from Dutch plomp "blunt, thick, massive, stumpy," probably related to plompen "fall or drop heavily" (see plump (v.)). Meaning "fleshy, of rounded form" is from 1540s in English. Danish and Swedish plump "rude, coarse, clumsy" are from the Low German word and represent a different sense development.

v.

c.1300, "to fall or strike with a full impact," common Low German word, from or related to Middle Dutch and Dutch plompen, East Frisian plumpen, Middle Low German plumpen, probably more or less imitative of something hard striking something soft. Hence plump (n.) "a firm blow," in pugilism usually one to the stomach.

To plump; to strike, or shoot. I'll give you a plump in the bread basket, or the victualling office; I'll give you a blow in the stomach. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]



Or, even if any of them should suspect me, I know how to bring myself off. It is but pretending to be affronted, stripping directly, challenging him to fight, and before he can be on his guard, hitting him a plump in the bread-basket, that shall make him throw up his accounts; and I'll engage he will have but very little stomach to accuse me after. ["The Reverie: or A Flight to the Paradise of Fools," London, 1763]

"to become plump," 1530s, from plump (adj.). Meaning "to plump (something) up, to cause to swell" is from 1530s. Related: Plumped; plumping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for plump

plump

adverb

Precisely; exactly; squarely; smack

[1734+; fr plumb]


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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