a composition in verse, especially one that is characterized by a highly developed artistic form and by the use of heightened language and rhythm to express an intensely imaginative interpretation of the subject.
composition that, though not in verse, is characterized by great beauty of language or expression: a prose poem from the Scriptures; a symphonic poem.
something having qualities that are suggestive of or likened to those of poetry: Marcel, that chicken cacciatore was an absolute poem.

1540–50; < Latin poēma < Greek poíēma poem, something made, equivalent to poiē-, variant stem of poieîn to make + -ma suffix denoting result

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World English Dictionary
poem (ˈpəʊɪm)
1.  a composition in verse, usually characterized by concentrated and heightened language in which words are chosen for their sound and suggestive power as well as for their sense, and using such techniques as metre, rhyme, and alliteration
2.  a literary composition that is not in verse but exhibits the intensity of imagination and language common to it: a prose poem
3.  anything resembling a poem in beauty, effect, etc
[C16: from Latin poēma, from Greek, variant of poiēma something composed, created, from poiein to make]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1548 (replacing poesy, q.v.), from M.Fr. poème (14c.), from L. poema "verse, poetry," from Gk. poema "thing made or created, fiction, poetical work," from poein "to make or compose" (see poet).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The poem was probably composed in the seventh or eighth century and spread
  primarily through song or spoken verse.
It is so interesting to see how everyone interprets the economy through poem.
Key to write a poem that would become the lyrics to the national anthem.
He is continually moving away from the poem at hand to another and another
  after that.
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