|1.||any substance that can impair function, cause structural damage, or otherwise injure the bodyRelated: toxic|
|2.||something that destroys, corrupts, etc: the poison of fascism|
|3.||a substance that retards a chemical reaction or destroys or inhibits the activity of a catalyst|
|4.||a substance that absorbs neutrons in a nuclear reactor and thus slows down the reaction. It may be added deliberately or formed during fission|
|5.||informal what's your poison? what would you like to drink?|
|6.||to give poison to (a person or animal) esp with intent to kill|
|7.||to add poison to|
|8.||to taint or infect with or as if with poison|
|10.||to retard or stop (a chemical or nuclear reaction) by the action of a poison|
|11.||to inhibit or destroy (the activity of a catalyst) by the action of a poison|
|[C13: from Old French puison potion, from Latin pōtiō a drink, esp a poisonous one, from pōtāre to drink]|
poison poi·son (poi'zən)
A substance taken internally or applied externally that is injurious to health or dangerous to life.
A chemical substance that inhibits another substance or a reaction.
(1.) Heb. hemah, "heat," the poison of certain venomous reptiles (Deut. 32:24, 33; Job 6:4; Ps. 58:4), causing inflammation. (2.) Heb. rosh, "a head," a poisonous plant (Deut. 29:18), growing luxuriantly (Hos. 10:4), of a bitter taste (Ps. 69:21; Lam. 3:5), and coupled with wormwood; probably the poppy. This word is rendered "gall", q.v., (Deut. 29:18; 32:33; Ps. 69:21; Jer. 8:14, etc.), "hemlock" (Hos. 10:4; Amos 6:12), and "poison" (Job 20:16), "the poison of asps," showing that the _rosh_ was not exclusively a vegetable poison. (3.) In Rom. 3:13 (comp. Job 20:16; Ps. 140:3), James 3:8, as the rendering of the Greek ios.