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[pol-ish] /ˈpɒl ɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
to make smooth and glossy, especially by rubbing or friction:
to polish a brass doorknob.
to render finished, refined, or elegant:
His speech needs polishing.
verb (used without object)
to become smooth and glossy through polishing:
a flooring that polishes easily.
Archaic. to become refined or elegant.
a substance used to give smoothness or gloss:
shoe polish.
the act of polishing.
state of being polished.
smoothness and gloss of surface.
superiority of manner or execution; refinement; elegance:
the polish of a professional singer.
Verb phrases
polish off, Informal.
  1. to finish or dispose of quickly:
    They polished off a gallon of ice cream between them.
  2. to subdue or get rid of someone:
    The fighter polished off his opponent in the first round.
polish up, to improve; refine:
She took lessons to polish up her speech.
Origin of polish
1250-1300; Middle English polishen < Middle French poliss-, long stem of polir < Latin polīre to polish; see -ish2
Related forms
polisher, noun
depolish, verb (used with object)
interpolish, verb (used with object)
overpolish, verb (used with object)
prepolish, noun, verb (used with object)
repolish, verb, noun
1. shine, brighten, burnish, buff, smooth. 8. shine, gleam. Polish, gloss, luster, sheen refer to a smooth, shining, or bright surface from which light is reflected. Polish suggests the smooth, bright reflection often produced by friction: rubbed to a high polish. Gloss suggests a superficial, hard smoothness characteristic of lacquered, varnished, or enameled surfaces: a gloss on oilcloth, on paper. Luster denotes the characteristic quality of the light reflected from the surfaces of certain materials (pearls, silk, wax, freshly cut metals, etc.): a pearly luster. Sheen, sometimes poetical, suggests a glistening brightness such as that reflected from the surface of silk or velvet, or from furniture oiled and hand-polished: a rich velvety sheen.


[poh-lish] /ˈpoʊ lɪʃ/
of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, its inhabitants, or their language.
a Slavic language, the principal language of Poland.
Abbreviation: Pol.
1695-1705; Pole + -ish1
Related forms
anti-Polish, noun, adjective
non-Polish, adjective, noun
pre-Polish, adjective
pro-Polish, adjective
pseudo-Polish, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for polish
  • Three polish military divisions train and deploy frogmen in military operations.
  • A tv series has also been announced by the polish public broadcasting corporation, tvp.
  • Despite its low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes a good polish.
  • In a series of slow, uneven steps, the polish regime rescinded martial law.
  • It is a shiny material that takes an excellent polish but it has a tendency to split.
  • The polish bride traditionally wears a white dress and a veil.
  • Hoof polish is usually applied before the horse enters the arena.
  • The room is illuminated by a bronze chandelier bearing a stylized polish eagle.
  • The polish rootstocks are often used where cold hardiness in needed.
  • These homesteads were settled by dominantly polish immigrants.
British Dictionary definitions for polish


to make or become smooth and shiny by rubbing, esp with wax or an abrasive
(transitive) to make perfect or complete
to make or become elegant or refined
a finish or gloss
the act of polishing or the condition of having been polished
a substance used to produce a smooth and shiny, often protective surface
elegance or refinement, esp in style, manner, etc
See also polish off, polish up
Derived Forms
polishable, adjective
polisher, noun
Word Origin
C13 polis, from Old French polir, from Latin polīre to polish


of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, its people, or their language
the official language of Poland, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for polish

early 14c., polischen "make smooth," from Old French poliss-, present participle stem of polir (12c.) "to polish, decorate, see to one's appearance," from Latin polire "to polish, make smooth; decorate, embellish;" figuratively "refine, improve," said to be from Proto-Indo-European *pel- "to thrust, strike, drive" (via the notion of fulling cloth). The sense of "free from coarseness, to refine" first recorded in English mid-14c. Related: Polished; polishing. Slang polish off "finish" is 1837, from notion of applying a coat of polish being the final step in a piece of work.


1590s, "absence of coarseness," from polish (v.). From 1704 as "act of polishing;" 1819 as "substance used in polishing."



1670s, from Pole + -ish. Related: Polishness. Polish-American attested from 1898.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for polish


Related Terms

is the pope polish

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with polish
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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