adjective, politer, politest.
showing good manners toward others, as in behavior, speech, etc.; courteous; civil: a polite reply.
refined or cultured: polite society.
of a refined or elegant kind: polite learning.

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin polītus, past participle of polīre to polish

politely, adverb
politeness, noun
superpolite, adjective
superpolitely, adverb
superpoliteness, noun

1. well-bred, gracious. See civil. 2. urbane, polished, poised, courtly, cultivated.

1, 2. rude.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
polite (pəˈlaɪt)
1.  showing regard for others, in manners, speech, behaviour, etc; courteous
2.  cultivated or refined: polite society
3.  elegant or polished: polite letters
[C15: from Latin polītus polished; see polish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1263, from L. politus "refined, elegant," lit. "polished," pp. of polire "to polish, to make smooth." Used literally at first in Eng.; sense of "elegant, cultured" is first recorded 1501, that of "behaving courteously" is 1762.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The factory superintendent nodded politely and led them into a large building
  with peeling gray stucco walls.
Any and all requests for boxing matches, meanwhile, will be politely declined.
They will listen politely and forget the whole matter before they log onto the
  computer to write their next term papers.
People either throw up their hands in horror or shudder politely.
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